The Amur Tiger, formally known as the Siberian tiger, is one of the largest subspecies of tiger. They have an isolated population of fewer than 500 individuals and are confined to the Russian Far East. The tigers coat is a pattern of black stripes, against a golden orange background which is lighter in colour than other subspecies. Despite their strikeing colour they have an amazing ability to blend into their environment.Tigers are powerful animals, their skull is large and they have impressive canine teeth. Amur tigers have a short thick neck, with broad shoulders and large forelimbs and retractile claws. They travel long distances in search of food, and while some hunting occurs during the day they are primarily nocturnal. Amur tigers can travel 15-20km per day.
Tigers become sexually mature at about 3 years of age, and will mate at any time during the year. Males and females will come together for mating but the male has no other parental involvement. Gestation is approximately 3.5 months. Females will have litters ranging from 1-5 cubs, however, 50% of cubs will die before their first year.
Listed as endangered on The IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. Zoos are working together with conservation organizations to help ensure that we are maintaining viable, genetically diverse populations in captivity should future re-introductions be required.
Poaching, forest fires, inbreeding, habitat loss other threats including the emerging disease in tigers Canine Distemper Virus (CDV).