Serval cats are pale yellow with black markings. They have distinctive elongated necks, long slim legs and a delicate head with large ears. Back legs are longer than front for leaping to catch prey. Serval cats have the longest legs of any cat relative to body size. Recent molecular phylogeny (history of the evolution of a species) has revealed that the serval is closely allied with the African golden cat and the Caracal, diverging from a common ancestor approximately 5.4 million years ago. They are solitary cats and are generally found in well-watered savanna long-grass areas.
Breeding is seasonal, gestation is approximately 2 months, litters range from 1 to 5 kittens. The female raises the kittens on her own, when 18-24 months old the sexually mature young are chased out of the mothers home range.
Degradation of wetlands and trade of skins (pelts) in west Africa