The Mountain Lion is also known as a Puma, Cougar, Panther, Catamount to name a few! They hold the Guinness World record for the animal with the most common names (>40 names in English!). The variety of names is due to their distribution and wide geographical range. Mountain lions are large, slender and mainly solitary cats. Males can be found together only just after leaving their mother but not as established adults. Mountain lions are primarily nocturnal and are seldom seen by people in the wild.
The female signals to the males to let them know she is ready to breed by calling out and scent marking. The male will stay with her for a few days. Females have 1 to 6 kittens and newborns have spots to help them blend into their environment. They remain with their mother for 12 to 18 months.
The subspecies the Florida Panther is endangered. They are geographically isolated and have been helped by conservationists to restore genetic variability. In 1995 eight Texas cougars were relocated to south Florida.