The Eurasian lynx the third largest predator in Europe, after the bear and wolf. Its fur is yellow-grey to grey-brown and is marked with black spots and has white underparts. It has long ears tipped with tufts of dark hair and long legs with broad footpads for walking on snow, and a short tail. Males are larger and more robust than females. They are solitary animals except for a mother with kittens. They are a mainly nocturnal species preferring to hunt at dusk and dawn but when food is scarce they will hunt during the day.
Mating occurs in February to March. Dens are created at the base of old trees, rocky crevices or dense vegetation. The gestation period is 67-74 days and females will give birth to a litter of 1-4, but usually 2-3 kittens. The kittens remain nursing for 3-5 months but can eat solid food after one month.
Numbers of lynx are stable throughout their range excluding Western Europe, where increasing urbanisation has led to a reduction of prey and suitable habitat for the lynx. Although it is now a protected species, illegal hunting for its fur still continues and this illegal skin trade remains the greatest threat to its survival.