Edwards' Pheasants are one of the most critically endangered birds in the world. Since 2000 conservationists have not been able to confirm any sightings of Edwards' in the wild in Vietnam. Therefore, the population (if any still persist) in the wild would be extremely small.
Male Edwards' Pheasants are glossy black with blue tinge and metallic green fringes on the upper wings. They have red facial skin and red legs. The females are duller with uniformly greyish-brown plumage. Similar to the male they have red facial skin and red legs.
Breeding occurs in early spring with laying at the end of March. Hens will typically lay a clutch of 4-6 eggs. Second and sometimes ever third laying can occur when eggs have been taken or destroyed. Incubation is 21-23 days.
Threats to Edwards Pheasants are continued habitat degradation and loss. The majority of Vietnam’s primary forests have all been destroyed as a result of herbicide spraying during the Vietnam War. Forests continue to be degraded by the logging industry and areas being stripped to make way for agriculture. Hybridization and inbreeding are also threatening this species.